Indonesian Vocabs Part 2

A. Family

1. Father: Ayah, Bapak.* The most general and widely used

2. Mother: Ibu, Bunda* * People will use different names for calling parents based on their ethnicity, faith, living area or region.

For Father:

a1. Babe (pron: Ba as in ‘Bunch’, Be as in ‘Bend’ or ‘Bench’) used in Betawi culture, esp. in DKI Jakarta and its nearest cities such as Tangerang, Depok and Bekasi.

a2. Papa or Papi: used in urban cities or in middle-class to upper class family. Its widely usage is influenced by the Dutch colonialism in the past. The word is also used in inter ethnics or interracial family in Indonesia, such as Javanese-Bataknese, Bataknese-Minahasa, Javanese-Chinese, Sundanese-Javanese, Indonesian-European, Indonesian-American, etc.

a3. Abi: used mostly in Moslem background family or descendant of Arab people. But not all Moslem use this calling name, too. The usage depends on personal matters.

a4. Abah: used mostly in Sundanese culture and a little in Betawi culture.

a5. Aji: used in Balinese culture/region

a6. Amang or Amung: used in Bataknese culture

a7. Rama/Romo: used in mostly Javanese aristocrats

 

For Mother:

a8. Mama or Mami: used in urban cities or in middle-class to upper class family. Its widely usage is influenced by the Dutch colonialism in the past. The word is also used in inter ethnics or interracial family in Indonesia, such as Javanese-Bataknese, Bataknese-Minahasa, Javanese-Chinese, Sundanese-Javanese, Indonesian-European, Indonesian-American, etc.

a9. Ambu: used in Sundanese culture

a10. ‘Nyak: used in Betawi culture

a11. Inang: used is Bataknese culture

a12. Ummi: used in Moslem background family or descendant of Arab people. (see Abi)

3. Daughter: Puteri/Putri, Anak perempuan

4. Son: Putera/Putra, Anak laki-laki

5. Brother: Kakak/Adik Laki-laki, in some regions are using Abang (Sumatran, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Papuan background)  or Bli (Balinese background), or Koko (Chinese background), Mas (Javanese culture) for calling big brother.

6. Sister : Kakak/Adik Perempuan; in Javanese culture, the term Mbak  and  in Chinese culture term Cici are used to call big sister. *The word ‘Kakak’ is a general term to call older siblings (sister or brother) and cousin or senior in school or college. *The word ‘Adik’ is used to call younger or little siblings (sister or brother) and cousin or junior in school or college.

7. Father in law: Ayah/Bapak mertua

8. Mother in law: Ibu mertua

9. Stepbrother & stepsister: saudara laki-laki tiri & saudara perempuan tiri (whether older or younger)

10. Stepfather & stepmother: ayah tiri & ibu tiri

11. Uncle: Paman, Om

12. Aunt: Bibi, Tante

13. Cousin: Sepupu

14. Grandfather: Kakek, Opa, Eyang Kakung, ‘Mbah Kakung, Aki, Ompung Doli

15. Grandmother: Nenek, Oma, Eyang Putri, Mbah Putri, Nini, Ompung Boru

16. Child, Children: Anak, Anak-anak

17. Baby: Bayi, Anak bayi

B. Social Circle

1. Friend: Teman, Kawan (unisex)

2. Best friend: Sahabat, Kawan/Teman Karib

3. Close friend: Teman dekat

4. Foe/Enemy: Musuh/Lawan (noun)/Rival

5. Girl friend: Teman perempuan

6. Girlfriend: Pacar (female lover)

7. Boy friend: Teman laki-laki 8. Boyfriend: Pacar (male lover)

C. Animals

1. Bird: Burung

2. Goose/Swan: Angsa

3. Duck: Bebek/Itik/Entok

4. Snake: Ular

5. Monyet: Monkey

6. Dog: Anjing

7. Cat: Kucing

8. Fish: Ikan

9. Horse: Kuda

10. Rabbit: Kelinci

11. Ant: Semut

12. Honeybee: Lebah madu

13. Zebra: Zebra

14. Orangutan: Orangutan

15. Bear: Beruang

16. Tiger: Harimau

17. Leopard: Macan tutul

18. Lion: Singa

19. Cheetah: Cheetah

20. Black panther (leopard panther) : Macan kumbang

21. Whale: Paus

22. Dolphin: Lumba-lumba

23. Crab: Kepiting 24. Shrimp/Prawn: Udang

25. Lobster: Lobster

26. Squid: Cumi-cumi

27. Octopus: Gurita

29. Pig/Swine: Babi

28. Giraffe: Jerapah

30. Cow: Sapi

31. Water Buffalo: Kerbau

32. Bull: Banteng

33. Mosquito: Nyamuk

34. Fly: Lalat

35. Worm: Cacing

36. Gorilla: Gorila

37. Peacock: Merak

38. Crocodile: Buaya

39. Shark: Hiu

40. Pangolin: Trenggiling

D. Plants

1. Mahogany: Mahoni

2. Oak: Ek

3. Teak: Jati

4. Pine, Fir: Pinus, Cemara

5. Rose: Mawar

6. Jasmine: Melati

7. Orchid: Anggrek

8. Carnation: Anyelir

9. Chrysanthemum: Krisan

10. Cananga/Ylang-ylang: Kenanga

E. Stationery 1. Book: Buku

2. Pencil: Pensil

3. Pen: Pulpen, Bolpoin

4. Ink: Tinta

5. Ruler: Penggaris

6. Eraser: Penghapus, Setip

7. Pencil Sharpener: Rautan, Pengraut

8. Glue: Lem

9. Stapler: Stapler

10. Tip-X: Tip-X

F. Direction 1. Right: Kanan

2. Left: Kiri

3. Front: Depan

4. Behind/Back: Belakang

5. Beside: [di] Samping/Sebelah/Sisi

6. Above/Over/Top: Atas

7. Below/Under: Bawah

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