Indonesian Vocabs Part 1

A. Ucapan Salam/Greetings

1. Hi : Hai
example: Hai, Dani! Hi, Dani!

2. Hello : Halo, Hello
example: Halo, Geri! Hello, Geri!

3. Good Morning : Selamat Pagi
example: Selamat pagi, Pak. > Good morning, Sir.  Selamat pagi, hadirin yang terhormat. > Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.

4. Good Afternoon : Selamat Siang or Selamat Sore
example: Selamat siang, Bu. > Good afternoon, Ma’am.  Selamat sore, murid-murid. >  Good afternoon, students.

5. Good Evening : Selamat Malam
example: Selamat malam, Pak. > Good evening, Sir.  Selamat malam, Karin. > Good evening, Karin.

6. Good Night* : Selamat Malam
Good Night is used only before you parted with your friends/companions.
example: Selamat malam, Tono. Sampai berjumpa lagi. >  Good night, TonoSee you again. 

7. Happy Birthday : Selamat Ulang Tahun

8. Merry Christmas : Selamat Hari Natal

9. Happy Eid Mubarak/ Happy Aidl Fitr : Selamat Hari Idul Fitri/ Selamat Hari Lebaran

10. I am sorry or Forgive me  : Saya minta maaf or Maafkan saya/Maafkan aku

11. Sorry : Maaf

B. Asking/Questions

1. Who ? : Siapa, Siapakah
example: Who can show me the way? Siapa yang dapat menunjukkan saya jalan? or Siapa yang dapat menunjukkan jalan kepada saya?   Who is she? Siapa dia?  or  Siapakah dia?

2. What ? : Apa, apakah, [Seperti] Apa
example: What is this?  Apa ini?  What is that? Apa itu? What does she like?  Seperti apa dia?

3. Which ? : [Yang] mana
example: Which one do you like?  Yang mana salah satu [yang] kamu suka?  or  [Yang] mana salah satu kamu sukai?

4. Where ? : [Di] mana, [Ke] mana
example: Where I should go?  Ke mana saya harus pergi?  Where is that place?  Di mana tempat itu?

5. Why ? : Mengapa, Kenapa (informal/daily use)
example: Why are we stopping here?  Mengapa kita berhenti di sini?  OR Kenapa kita berhenti di sini?

6. How ? : Bagaimana
example : How do I look?   Bagaimana saya terlihat?  How is that possible? Bagaimana [hal] itu mungkin?

7. How + Much, Many, Long, Far ? : Berapa or [Se]berapa, Berapa banyak (Much & Many), Berapa lama (long), Berapa jauh (far)
example:  How much it will cost?  Berapa banyak [uang] yang akan di keluarkan?
How much do you need?  Berapa banyak [yang] kau butuhkan?
How many people can join the meeting?  Berapa banyak orang [yang] dapat bergabung di dalam pertemuan?
How far is it? [Se]Berapa jauh [tempat itu] ?
How long she had gone? Berapa lama dia telah pergi?

C. Nouns & Pronouns

1. I : Aku, Saya, Gue (slang/daily use mostly in urban cities, this word mostly used towards friends).
It will be more proper if you use Saya or Aku for daily use to acquaintances, colleagues or even families and friends.

2. You : Kamu, Engkau, Kau, Kalian, Loe (the usage is as same as ‘Gue’)
Most and general daily use is Kamu. Engkau and Kau are mostly used for poetic writings. Kalian is used when mentioning more than one person.
Example: Hi, John, Hannah! Where are you going?  Hai, John, Hannah! Kalian [mau] pergi  ke mana? OR Ke mana kalian [mau] pergi?

3. We : Kami, Kita
Kami and Kita have the same meaning. But, at some point, the two terms have a slight difference
The slight difference between Kami and Kita are:

Kami is used when the speaker is referring to himself and his friends or people who are, at that time, together with the speaker. The speaker uses Kami because he wants to differ himself and his friends from the hearer. Kami is also can be used by the speaker when he presents himself as a representative from a group or community.

Kita is used when the speaker is referring to himself and the hearer as one group.

Example:
a. Mom: Okay, kids!  We are going to Surabaya for our holidays.  Baik, anak-anak! Kita akan pergi ke Surabaya untuk liburan kita [nanti].
b. Cheerleader Capt. : We are from Garuda Cheers Squad.  Kami dari Skuad Cheers Garuda.

4. They : Mereka
example: They are going to Lombok.  Mereka akan pergi ke Lombok.

5. He : Dia (laki-laki/pria) (Male/Man)

6. She : Dia ( perempuan/wanita) (Female/Woman)

7. It : itu (benda, hal, hewan) (Inanimate/animate Objects, Things, Creature, Animals)

D. Modals

1. Can/Could  :  Dapat, Bisa

2. May/Might   :  Boleh, Dapat, Bisa

3.  Will/Would  : Akan, Akankah

4. Shall/Should: Harus, akan

5. Want/Ought to  : Ingin/Mau

E. Additions

1. Ada  :  Is there…?, Are there…? There is…, There are…

2. Bolehkah/ Bisakah/Dapatkah : May I…? Can I…?

3. Jam berapa?  :  What time is it?

4. Dari mana, dari : From

5. Ke  :  To

6. Sudah : Already finished, already.

7. Belum  :  Not yet

8. Tidak : No, Not

9. Ya : Yes, Yeah

10. Berapa jam/ berapa lama  :  How many hours…?  How long…?

11. Pulang-pergi  : Return

12. Kembali  : Be back, Come back, Return, Go back

13. Tujuan : Destination

14. Keberangkatan : Departure

15. Kedatangan : Arrival

16. Mohon : Please

17. Tolong/Bantu : Help, Please help…

18. Bandara/ Bandar udara : Airport

19. Kereta api : Train

20. Bis or Bus : Bus

21. Harga : Price

22. Gratis : Free/ Gratis

23. Diskon/Korting  : Discount

24. Jalan-jalan  : Sightseeing

25. Mungkin, Bisa jadi/Boleh jadi  : Maybe, perhaps

26. Mungkinkah  : Is it possible?

27. Pantai : Beach

28. Gunung, Pegunungan  : Mount, Mountain

29. Menemani  :  To aaccompany

30. Mengunjungi/Berkunjung ke  : To visit

31. Rumah Makan  : Restaurant

32. Kafe : Cafe

33. Warung Makan  :  Food Kiosk/Small Restaurant

34. Dokar/Pedati/Delman/Andong  :  Wagon/Cart/Carriage

35. Becak  : Pedicab

36. Ojek  :  Motorcycle Taxi

37. Makan  : [To] eat

38. Makan/Makanan : Food, Meal

39. Sarapan  : Breakfast

40. Makan siang : Lunch

41. Makan Malam : Dinner/Supper

42. Minum  : To drink

43. Minum/Minuman  : Drinks, Beverage

44. Toko Kelontong/ Warung  : A Kiosk ( like a convenient store, but a small one)

45. Swalayan/Minimarket/Indomaret/Alfamart : A Convenient Store

46. Mal : Mall, Department Store

47. Habis/Selesai/Tamat : Finished/ Done/End

48. Habis/Tidak Ada/Hilang  : Gone/ There is no more.

49. Kehabisan  : Running out of…

50. Penuh : Full, Occupied, Crowded

51. Kosong  : Empty, Vacant

52. Pelabuhan/Dermaga : Port/Pier

53. Terminal Bis : Bus Station

54. Stasiun Kereta : Train Station

55. Utara : North

56. Selatan : South

57. Timur : East

58. Barat : West

59. Pesawat : Airplane, Plane

60. Kapal Laut : Ship

61. Kapal Feri : Ferry

62. Kapal : Boat

63. Sopir/Supir : Driver

64. Jalanan : Road/Way

65. Rumah Sakit : Hospital

66. Apotek : Pharmacy/Drugstore

67. Dokter : Doctor

68. Suster/Perawat : Nurse

69. Kebun Binatang : Zoo

70. Museum : Museum

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